Violence can be thought of in three basic categories:
- self-directed violence (e.g. self abuse and suicide)
- collective violence (e.g. social and political violence including war and terrorism)
- interpersonal violence (e.g. family and intimate partner violence, community violence involving an acquaintance or stranger).
Examples of violence a teacher may observe include:
- throwing items
- hitting with fists
- using a sharp instrument
- hitting with an object
- pulling hair.
It is important to remember that bullying and violence are not the same issue. Violence is often an outcome and is certainly an arm of bullying. If bullying can be addressed in its earlier stages then many instances of violence could be prevented.
It is important that bullying and violence are treated as separate issues with their own responses, but both issues are as important as each other and both can have a devastating effect on young people.