Personal resources are the attitudes and skills that a person has to use in difficult situations, including bullying. Personal resources include positive self-belief, perception of value, confidence about ability to deal with problems and strategies to minimise harm and recover.
Positive approaches are those that stress prevention and support and that focus more on enabling positive student behaviour than on punishment for student misbehaviour.
Positive Behaviour for Learning
Postive Behaviour for Learning (PBL), previously known as school-wide positive behaviour support (SWPBS) is a whole school approach to creating safe and supportive environments.
Positive behaviour support
Positive behaviour support (PBS) is an approach focused on learning environments; teaching pro-social skills; and providing positive consequences for pro-social behaviour.
Power imbalance is a situation where one person or group has a significant advantage over another that enables them to coerce or mistreat another for their own ends.
Prejudice is an opinion or feeling of dislike directed at an individual or a group because of some characteristic (race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs, or other ideologies).
A program is a plan of action or schedule of activities to be followed in order to accomplish a specified goal. A program manual or instructions will detail what work is to be done, by whom, when, and what strategies or resources will be used.
Pro-social values are those which emphasise others, including: respect, acceptance of diversity, honesty, fairness, friendliness, inclusion, cooperation and responsibility.
Protective interrupting is a process of stopping a person speaking by interrupting them, used to protect the person from the consequences of revealing inappropriate personal information in front of others.
Psychological bullying is an out of date term which originally referred to non-physical and usually covert behaviours in bullying aimed at creating fear. It is more appropriate to talk about psychological harm than psychological bullying.
A punitive approach is the use of negative consequences such as detention, suspension and expulsion for aggressive, violent or bullying behaviour.